We are living in 21st century and still following the thirty four years old education policy. Rajiv Gandhi led government framed the education policy which was based on ‘operation blackboard’. Will we be able to keep pace with the competitive world with that education system ? The answer is no!
Let’s quote an example here- In a war one country is fighting with swords, and the other one is fighting with all the mordern equipments like guns, bombs. Which country will have more chances to win?
The world is changing! It is undergoing rapid changes in knowledge landscape. Education is the most powerful weapon to conquer the world. Now, it’s really important to learn that ‘how to learn’.
Our education system is completely based on learning mechanism which gives zero result when we actually enter in real world where we need to apply our theory we simply fail. We never actually focussed on application of core concepts rather we have emphasised on shallow memorization of vast syllabus.
Some major cons currently faced by Indian Higher Education are given below:
1)Our higher education system is severely fragmented.
2)Minimum development of cognitive skills.
3)Early specialization and streaming of education.
4)Limited number of highly qualified teachers and the underdeveloped infrastructures.
5) Less emphasis on research, and lack of competitive peer-reviewed research funding across disciplines
6)An ineffective education system
7)negligence of students towards their holistic development.
The National Education Policy 2020 focuses on comprehensive development of a student. It is the first change in the education policy in 21st century. It tried to fill all the voids present in the current education system. It laid emphasis on the development of the creative potential of each individuals.
India will have the highest population of young people in the world over the next decade, and our ability to provide high-quality educational opportunities to them will determine the future of our
National education policy 2020 had made major changes in the Indian higher education.
The changes include:
1)Gross Enrollment Ratio in higher education to be raised by 50% by 2035; 3.5 crore seats to be added.
2)The range of subjects will be vast with flexible curriculum ; more emphasis on the vocational courses which will ultimately lead to the holistic development of a student.
3)There will be multiple entry and exits in the undergraduate courses and appropriate certifications will be there. For example : a certificate after completing 1 year in a discipline or field
including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor ’s
degree after a 3-year programme. And if the student continue for 4th year then it will be entirely devoted to research work.
The post graduate will be of 1 or 2 years which will be highly devoted towards research.
4)The National Research Foundation will be created as apex body for fostering a strong research culture.
5)Higher Education Commission Of India (HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body for the entire higher education except medical and legal education .
6) Affiliation of college for Higher Studies will be faced out in 15 years.
7)Discontinuation of Masters of Philosophy .
8)E- courses will be introduced in 8 regional language and virtual lab will be set up.
9)Academic bank of credits to be established to facilitate transfer of credit in which student can re-join after a break.
10)The NEP’s recommendation is to convert every higher education institution into a multidisciplinary one. For example : IITS will introduce arts subject too.
EFFECT ON PHARMA EDUCATION UNDER NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2020
Health care is an important sector of India. The evidence of its importance has been clearly witnessed in the time of the pandemic.
The new educational policy will have a great positive impact on the pharmaceutical world. The pattern of undergraduate programme is very suitable and appropriate. Now, we are having diploma in Pharmacy which is a 2 year course, and then the student can opt the bachelor of pharmacy in second year though lateral entry, and then continue the later 3 year course which becomes very time consuming and repetitive . So now, the student will have a 2 year course for diploma and the 3rd year will grant a bachelor’s degree and 4th year will be highly devoted to research. The introduction of research in undergraduate programme will flourish the students and they can easily determine their interest. The Master of pharmacy will also be of 1 year which can be done by the students who have completed their research in undergraduate itself.
The new education policy will produce a student with great technical skills. In short if the input be good then output will be better.
The world is the need of skilled peeps. When we say large number of people are unemployed, it’s not due to lack of jobs but due to lack of skills.
One of the major prototype under NEW 2020 is all the educational body will come under same umbrella so the University Grant Commission will be scrapped out .
Language barrier sometimes play deteriorating role in student’s education so, to prevail over this policy also promises to provide electronic education in 8 different regional languages.
The virtual labs will be set up so student will get more practical knowledge. There will be effective governance and leaderships for higher education.
A stage-wise mechanism for granting graded autonomy to colleges, through a transparent system of graded accreditation, will be established.
The students will be exposed to the research and industrial world a little earlier which will create a sense of interest among them. And there will ease in the choice of subjects for higher education.
The future of pharma education will be very bright as theoretical knowledge will be replaced by practical knowledge which is very important in this sector and ultimately this sector will prosper.
A holistic and multidisciplinary education would aim to develop all capacities of human beings intellectual, aesthetic, social, , emotional, and moral in an integrated manner. Such an education will help develop well-rounded individuals.
The last but most important thing is that this policy offers a diverse streaming in which students will not be bound to study a particular subject in particular field. This choice will lead to great outcome as we definitely excel in the field which interests us and enhance our overall productivity.